Overview below aims to provide a comprehensive description of Januvia, its mechanism of action, as well as demonstrate crucial precautions and side effects that should be acknowledged before starting the treatment.
What is Januvia?
Januvia represents a medication released with prescription and applied for treatment of the symptoms related to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Januvia can be taken on its own or in conjunction with other drugs. Januvia originates from a group of medications referred to as Antidiabetics, Dipeptyl Peptidase-IV Inhibitors. Januvia pills have sitagliptin phosphate in its content, which represents an orally active inhibitor of the dipeptidyl peptidase4 (DPP-4) enzyme. Januvia is generally an adjunct treatment to diet and exercise and aims to enhance glycemic control in adult patients who have type 2 diabetes mellitus.
How Does Januvia Work?
Januvia (also referred to as Sitagliptin) is taken in conjunction with a correct diet and physical exercises, as well as other drugs for high blood sugar control. Control of high blood sugar aids in prevention of blindness, kidney damage, nerve issues, limbs amputation, as well as issues with sexual function. Correct control of diabetes can also reduce risks of a stroke or heart attack.
Januvia is a diabetes treatment medication that functions through increase of natural substances (i.e., incretins) levels. Januvia assists in controlling blood sugar via upsurging release of insulin, mostly after food. They also tend to reduce the sugar amount produced by liver.
Januvia Side Effects
Even though Januvia alone generally does not result in low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), the reduced blood sugar may happen if Januvia is prescribed in conjunction with other drugs used to treat diabetes. Consult with your healthcare provider or pharmacist regarding the possibility of your diabetes drug dose reduction, if you observe any symptoms of low blood sugar.
Symptoms of low blood sugar contain the following:
- sudden sweating
- increased heartbeat
- blurry vision
- tingling sensations in feet/hands
Hereby, it is advised to bring along glucose tablets or gel in order to treat low blood sugar and provide a timely support.
Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) contain the following:
- increased urination
- rapid breathing
- fruity breath odor
The list of adverse side effects contains the following:
- signs of possible kidney problems:
- change of urine volume
- pain in joints
- abnormal skin blisters
- signs of possible heart failure:
- shortness of breath
- swollen feet/ankles
- abnormal tiredness
- abnormal/abrupt weight gain
If any of abovementioned symptoms take place, inform your doctor without delay. Your health provider may require adjusting the diabetes medications that you are taking.